The economic crisis is behind us, but new challenges on the horizon are linked to digital, robotics and artificial intelligence (Ia). The new industrial revolution divides the experts. Apocalyptic and integrated take to the field and discuss the impact on employment and work. The World Economic Forum (Wef), for example, emphasizes the need to take appropriate countermeasures. "The challenge of the Fourth Industrial Revolution - explains Klaus Schwab, founder and executive chairman of the Wef - will be increasingly defined by the innovative capacity of the countries with increasing importance of the ability to attract talent". Furthermore, robotics and automation will revolutionize the world of work: the Wef warns that with many places at risk, "it will be vital to create conditions capable of resisting the shock and supporting work in times of transition". More robots and less busy or more opportunities for new jobs? «In the short term we will see both phenomena, indeed we are already witnessing this. Work is already changing. Automation erodes low-intensity employment and at the same time creates new job opportunities and new professions with higher added value. Substantially the bar of vertical specialization is raised, but at the same time the strategic approach, the intra-entrepreneurship, the transversal skills become fundamental », says Andrea Bellezza, founder and strategic director of Osc Innovation.